Trees & Shrubs

 

The Tree Browser is a great resourse to find detailed information about various trees that grow in Utah.

 Click the links below to learn more about trees and shrubs that grow well in our area.
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 Large Trees


Common Name Botanical Name Description
Arizona Ash Fraxinus veluntina Withstands hot, dry conditions, Lows –10°
Fan-Tex Ash Fraxinu veluntina ‘Rio Grande' Foliage resistant to wind burn
Modesto Fraxinus veluntina ‘Modesto' Subject to heat scorch, not as hardy as others
Raywood Ash Fraxinus veluntina ‘Raywood' Foliage sensitive to high wind
Montebello Ash Fraxinus veluntina ‘Coracea' Native of Southern California
Honey Locust Gleditsia triacanthos inemis ‘Shademaster' Good street tree
Live Oak Quercus virginia Adapted well to low desert areas
Cork Oak Quercus suber May see cold injury in less than Zone 5
Holly Oak Quercus ilex May be trained or sheared
Idaho Locust Robinia ambiqua idahoensis Bright purple showy flowers
Chinese Elm Ulmus parvifolia Fast grower, will handle wide range of climates
Chinese Pistache Pistacia chinesis Moderate grower, handles alkaline soils
Bloodgood Sycamore Plantanus acerifolia Large tree, heavy trunk, large hairy leaves
Italian Alder Alnus cordata Handles wide range of zones, needs water

  


Small Trees

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Common Name Botanical Name Description
Common Hackberry Celtis occidentalis Upright growth habit, may exceed 40-50 ft.
Netleaf Hackberry Celtis reticulata Canyon/wash small tree
Honey Mesquite Prosopis glandulosa Good desert tree
Mimosa Albizia julibrissin Not long-lived
Glossy Privet Ligustrum lucidum May suffer in full sun
Japanese Pagoda Sophora japonica Heat tolerant
Photinia Photinia Fraseri Sensitive to iron deficiency
Singleleaf Ash Fraxinum anomala Native to canyons and stream beds
Hawthorne Crataegus Sp. Requires moderate watering
Sweet Gum Liquidambar styraciflua Not good in alkaline soils
Tulip Tree (Poplar) Liriodendron tulipifera Requires slightly acid soil
Golden Raintree Koelreuteria paniculata Well adapted to St. George
Acacia Acacia sp. Not adapted to colder areas
Bird of Paradise Heliconia sp. Small blooming ornamental
Loquat Loquat deFlexia Not good in full sun
Loquat Loquat japonica Produces edible fruit

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Flowering Trees


 

Common Name Botanical Name Description
Bradford Pear Pyrus calleryana Limbs may become brittle
Indian Bean Tree Catalpa speciosia Large pods hang in late summer
Redbud Cercis occidentalis Early blooming tree
Desert Willow Chilopsis linearis Native desert species
Chitalpa Chiltalpa tashkentensis ‘Pink Dawn' Struggles with mid-summer heat
Crape Myrtle Lagerstroemia indica Adapted well to St. George
Idaho Locust Robinia ambiqua idahoensis May become quite large
Japanese Pagoda (Chinese Scholar Tree) Sophora japonica Small yellow flowering tree
Chaste Tree Vitex agnus-castus Well adapted to desert, spreading habit


Conifers

 

Common Name Botanical Name Description
Blue Atlas Cedar Cedrus atlantica Nice specimen tree
Deodar Cedar Decrus deodara May get spider mites easily
Arizona Cypress Cupressus arizonica Adapted to the cooler area of the county
Leyland Cypress Cupressocyparis leylandii Good screen tree, shows some wind damage
Mondel Pine Pinus eldarica Upright growth habit
Aleppo Pine Pinus halepenis Handles poor soil and desert heat
Italian Stone Pine Pinus pinea Slow growing, rounded shape
Japanese Black Pine Pinus thunbergii Slow growing, irregular shape

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Shrubs


 

Common Name Botanical Name Description
Creosote Bush Larrea divaricata salve Low desert large shrub
Fremont Indigobush Dalea fremontii Low desert large shrub
Sand Sagebrush Artemisia filifolia Sand desert large shrub
Fourwing Saltbush Atriplex canescens Sand desert large shrub
Squawbush Sumac Rhus aromatica Canyon/wash large shrub
Apache Plume Fallugia paradoxa Canyon/wash large shrub
Fremont Barberry Berberis fremontii Canyon/wash large shrub
Big Sagebrush Artemisia tridentata Rock/outcrops medium shrub
Brittlebush Enceila frutescens Medium shrub, yellow flowering
Green Mormon Tea Ephedra viridis Medium shrub, has small flowers and leaves
Datil Yucca Yucca baccata Medium shrub, 3' high x 5' wide
Utah Century Plant Agave utahensis Rock/outcrops succulent
Joshua Tree Hucca brevifolia Spiny simple branched, slow growth
Prickly Pear Cactacea sp. Native to desert, flowers in spring
Barrel Cactus Cactacea sp. Slow growth, needs little water
Ocotillo Fouquieria splendens Whip-like stems, thorny, orange flowers
Oleander Nerium sp. Tolerant of heat, blooms most of the summer
Nandina Nandina domestica Small shrubs, bamboo-type plant
Mock Orange Choisya ternata Luscious green leaves, doesn't like alkaline soil
Trailing Rosemary Rosemarinus officinalis Evergreen feathery shrub, fragrant
Spanish Broom Spartium junceum Handles poor soil, yellow blooms, 6-10 ft. high
Firethorn Pyracantha sp. Evergreen shrub with bright orange berries
Cottoneaster Cottoneaster sp. Low-growing shrub, orange berries
Rose of Sharon Hibiscus syriacus Deciduous shrub, upright growth habit
Texas Ranger Leucophyllum sp. Green-grey foliage shrubs with colorful blooms
Mountain Mahogany Cercocarpus sp. Evergreen shrub/tree suited to dry rock slopes
Junipers Juniperus sp. Many forms of this evergreen shrub
Oregon Grape Magonia aquifolium Bushy plants having glossy green leaves with blue berries, 6 ft. high

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Perennials


 

Common Name Botanical Name Description
Mojave Globemallow Sphaeralcea ambigua Low desert perennial, orange flowers
Desert Marigold Baileya multiradiata Low desert perennial, yellow flowers
Palmer Penstemon Penstemon palmeri Sand desert perennial, light pink flowers
Hopi Blanketflower Gaillardia pinnatifida Sand desert perennial, orange flowers
Pale Evening Primrose Oenothera pallida Sand desert perennial herb
Prince's Plume Stanleya pinnata Rock/outcrops perennial herb, yellow plumelike flowers
Utah Penstemon Penstemon utahensis Rock/outcrops perennial herb, red tubular flowers
Firecracker Penstemon Penstemon eatonii Rock/outcrops perennial herb, red tubular flowers
Desert Larkspur Delphinium scaposum Rock/outcrops perennial herb, purple flowers
Indian Paintbrush Castilleja chromosa Rock/outcrops perennial, red flowers
Sundrops Calylophus hartwegii Yellow flowering, does well in sunny, hot areas
Chocolate Flower Berlandiera lyrata Fragrant yellow blooms
Coneflower Echinacea purpurea Purple flowers, blooms most of summer
Columbine Aquilegia sp. Likes well-drained soil
Verbena Verbena sp. Available in many colors
Lantana Lantana sp. Low growing, evergreen shrubs
Ice Plant (Various genera) Low growing, succulent groundcover
Autumn Sage Salvia greggii Small shrub, blooms summer and fall
Salvia Salvia sp. Many types of this perennial
Coreopsis Coreopsis sp. Yellow flowering, about 1-2 ft. tall
Yarrow Achillea sp. Tall erect growth habit, most are yellow
Lavender Lavendula sp. Fragrant purple flowers
Lirope Liriope muscari Green grass-like leaves in clumps-purple bloom
Four O'Clock Mirabilus multiflora Magenta colored flowers in clumps
Phlox Phlox sp. Many perennial types, most are yellow or white
Russian Sage Perovskia atriplicifolia Wood shrub, mass of purple flowers
Red Hot Poker Kniphofia sp. Dense foliage producing yellow-orange flowers

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Grasses


 

Common Name Botanical Name Description
Indian Ricegrass Oryzopsis hymenoides Sand desert bunchgrass
Red Grama Bouteloua hirsuta Rock/outcrops small bunchgrass
Blue Fescue Festuca glauca Clumped ornamental type, 12" high
Pampas Grass Cortaderia selloana Tall ornamental grass, white plumes 8-12' high
Desert Needle Grass Stipa speciosa Native clump grass, very drought tolerant
Buffalo Grass Buchloe dactyloides Slow growing, low maintenance grass, uses little water once established
Blue Grama Bouteloua sp. Native of dry climate, area, heat resistant

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Vines and Ground Covers


 

Common Name Botanical Name Description
Lady Banks Rose Rosa banksiae Evergreen climbing rose, yellow or white
Trumpet vine Campsis grandiflora Fast-growing vine to 40 ft., orange bell-shaped flowers
Trumpet vine Campsis radicans Less vigorous, reddish-colored flowers
Virginia Creeper Parthenosis inserta Vigorous vine with beautiful foliage